Civil cases are a common type of lawsuit where private citizens can sue each other over personal injury or property damage. They differ significantly from criminal cases in several ways, including standards of evidence, procedures, and compensation. If you are wondering about civil cases, here are some basic facts you should know. This website will explain the most common types of civil cases, including small claims and general civil cases. General civil cases usually involve suing someone for money, damages to their property, or injury.
The first type of civil case involves an injury or damage. The plaintiff seeks compensation for damages caused by the defendant. The plaintiff can base their argument on negligence, intentional wrongdoing, or strict liability. Examples of personal injury cases are car accidents, motorcycle accidents, medical malpractice, and fraud. Breach of contract claims arise when one party fails to fulfill their contractual obligations to another. This type of case is very common and includes non-delivery of a paid purchase, violation of a business agreement, and more.
A civil case can be brought against the federal government or a local police department. These cases involve injuries and losses caused by a third party and can result in a financial settlement, damages, or a monetary award. The plaintiff can also sue a corporation or government for violating their rights under federal laws or the Constitution. By filing a complaint, the plaintiff can seek compensation for any monetary or property damage. When the defendant fails to comply with their obligation, the plaintiff can sue for damages, including lost wages or medical bills.